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Positive and negative emotions

All about leadership!
James Marlatt, Ph.D.
Certified Executive Coach and Leadership Development Consultant

Well-being has been correlated with an individual's general outlook-on-life, emotional balance, and engagement in the work place. This scale provides insight into emotional balance.

Please think about what you have been doing and experiencing during the past four weeks. Then report how much you experienced each of the following feelings, using the scale below. For each item, select a number from 1 to 5, and enter that number on the following response form.

1. Very Rarely or Never
2. Rarely
3. Sometimes
4. Often
5. Very Often or Always

Please enter your answers here.
1 2 3 4 5

Now ...

Scoring: The measure can be used to derive an overall emotional balance score, but can also be divided into positive and negative feelings scales.

Positive Feelings: Add the scores, varying from 1 to 5, for the six items: positive, good, pleasant, happy, joyful, and contented. The score can vary from 6 (lowest possible) to 30 (highest positive feelings score).

Negative Feelings: Add the scores, varying from 1 to 5, for the six items: negative, bad, unpleasant, sad, afraid, and angry. The score can vary from 6 (lowest possible) to 30 (highest negative feelings score).

Emotional Balance: The negative feelings score is subtracted from the positive feelings score, and the resultant difference score can vary from -24 (unhappiest possible) to 24 (highest affect balance possible). A respondent with a very high score of 24 reports that she or he rarely or never experiences any of the negative feelings, and very often or always has all of the positive feelings.

More ...

Remember to print this screen page if you want to. Or come back and answer the questions again sometime.

Adapted from the Scale of Positive and Negative Emotions (SPANE) © Diener, E., Wirtz, D., Tov, W., Kim-Prieto, C., Choi. D., Oishi, S., & Biswas-Diener, R. (2009). New measures of well-being: Flourishing and positive and negative feelings. Social Indicators Research, 39, 247-266.

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